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“I buy on the assumption that they could close the market the next day and not reopen it for five years.”

— Warren Buffett

This inspiring quote from Warren Buffett teaches us the importance of considering our investment time horizon when approaching any given investment: Could we envision ourselves holding the stock we are considering for many years? Even a five year holding period potentially?

For “buy-and-hold” investors taking a long-term view, what’s important isn’t the short-term stock market fluctuations that will inevitably occur, but what happens over the long haul. Looking back 5 years to 2019, investors considering an investment into shares of Public Service Enterprise Group Inc (NYSE: PEG) may have been pondering this very question and thinking about their potential investment result over a full five year time horizon. Here’s how that would have worked out.

Start date: 05/20/2019


End date: 05/17/2024
Start price/share: $60.37
End price/share: $74.54
Starting shares: 165.65
Ending shares: 196.91
Dividends reinvested/share: $10.45
Total return: 46.78%
Average annual return: 7.98%
Starting investment: $10,000.00
Ending investment: $14,676.59

The above analysis shows the five year investment result worked out well, with an annualized rate of return of 7.98%. This would have turned a $10K investment made 5 years ago into $14,676.59 today (as of 05/17/2024). On a total return basis, that’s a result of 46.78% (something to think about: how might PEG shares perform over the next 5 years?). [These numbers were computed with the Dividend Channel DRIP Returns Calculator.]

Notice that Public Service Enterprise Group Inc paid investors a total of $10.45/share in dividends over the 5 holding period, marking a second component of the total return beyond share price change alone. Much like watering a tree, reinvesting dividends can help an investment to grow over time — for the above calculations we assume dividend reinvestment (and for this exercise the closing price on ex-date is used for the reinvestment of a given dividend).

Based upon the most recent annualized dividend rate of 2.4/share, we calculate that PEG has a current yield of approximately 3.22%. Another interesting datapoint we can examine is ‘yield on cost’ — in other words, we can express the current annualized dividend of 2.4 against the original $60.37/share purchase price. This works out to a yield on cost of 5.33%.

More investment wisdom to ponder:
“The right time for a company to finance its growth is not when it needs capital, but rather when the market is most receptive to providing capital.” — Michael Milken