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“I buy on the assumption that they could close the market the next day and not reopen it for five years.”

— Warren Buffett

The Warren Buffett investment philosophy calls for a long-term investment horizon, where a five year holding period, or even longer, would fit right into the strategy. How would such a strategy have worked out for an investment into M & T Bank Corp (NYSE: MTB)? Today, we examine the outcome of a five year investment into the stock back in 2018.

Start date: 02/05/2018


End date: 02/02/2023
Start price/share: $179.81
End price/share: $156.02
Starting shares: 55.61
Ending shares: 63.99
Dividends reinvested/share: $21.35
Total return: -0.16%
Average annual return: -0.03%
Starting investment: $10,000.00
Ending investment: $9,985.03

As shown above, the five year investment result worked out poorly, with an annualized rate of return of -0.03%. This would have turned a $10K investment made 5 years ago into $9,985.03 today (as of 02/02/2023). On a total return basis, that’s a result of -0.16% (something to think about: how might MTB shares perform over the next 5 years?). [These numbers were computed with the Dividend Channel DRIP Returns Calculator.]

Notice that M & T Bank Corp paid investors a total of $21.35/share in dividends over the 5 holding period, marking a second component of the total return beyond share price change alone. Much like watering a tree, reinvesting dividends can help an investment to grow over time — for the above calculations we assume dividend reinvestment (and for this exercise the closing price on ex-date is used for the reinvestment of a given dividend).

Based upon the most recent annualized dividend rate of 4.8/share, we calculate that MTB has a current yield of approximately 3.08%. Another interesting datapoint we can examine is ‘yield on cost’ — in other words, we can express the current annualized dividend of 4.8 against the original $179.81/share purchase price. This works out to a yield on cost of 1.71%.

Another great investment quote to think about:
“Money is better than poverty, if only for financial reasons.” — Woody Allen