“I buy on the assumption that they could close the market the next day and not reopen it for five years.”
— Warren Buffett
This inspiring quote from Warren Buffett teaches us the importance of considering our investment time horizon when approaching any given investment: Could we envision ourselves holding the stock we are considering for many years? Even a five year holding period potentially?
For “buyandhold” investors taking a longterm view, what’s important isn’t the shortterm stock market fluctuations that will inevitably occur, but what happens over the long haul. Looking back 5 years to 2018, investors considering an investment into shares of EOG Resources, Inc. (NYSE: EOG) may have been pondering this very question and thinking about their potential investment result over a full five year time horizon. Here’s how that would have worked out.
Start date:  03/19/2018 


End date:  03/16/2023  
Start price/share:  $98.47  
End price/share:  $104.48  
Starting shares:  101.55  
Ending shares:  123.33  
Dividends reinvested/share:  $18.26  
Total return:  28.86%  
Average annual return:  5.21%  
Starting investment:  $10,000.00  
Ending investment:  $12,887.37 
As we can see, the five year investment result worked out well, with an annualized rate of return of 5.21%. This would have turned a $10K investment made 5 years ago into $12,887.37 today (as of 03/16/2023). On a total return basis, that’s a result of 28.86% (something to think about: how might EOG shares perform over the next 5 years?). [These numbers were computed with the Dividend Channel DRIP Returns Calculator.]
Notice that EOG Resources, Inc. paid investors a total of $18.26/share in dividends over the 5 holding period, marking a second component of the total return beyond share price change alone. Much like watering a tree, reinvesting dividends can help an investment to grow over time — for the above calculations we assume dividend reinvestment (and for this exercise the closing price on exdate is used for the reinvestment of a given dividend).
Based upon the most recent annualized dividend rate of 3.3/share, we calculate that EOG has a current yield of approximately 3.16%. Another interesting datapoint we can examine is ‘yield on cost’ — in other words, we can express the current annualized dividend of 3.3 against the original $98.47/share purchase price. This works out to a yield on cost of 3.21%.
Another great investment quote to think about:
“When everyone is going right, look left.” — Sam Zell