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“When we own portions of outstanding businesses with outstanding managements, our favorite holding period is forever.”

— Warren Buffett

The above quote from Warren Buffett is timeless, and brings into focus the choice about time horizon that any investor should think about before buying a stock they are considering. Behind every stock is an actual business; what will that business look like over a two-decade period?

Today, let’s look backwards in time to 2002, and take a look at what happened to investors who asked that very question about Bristol Myers Squibb Co. (NYSE: BMY), by taking a look at the investment outcome over a two-decade holding period.

Start date: 11/04/2002


End date: 11/01/2022
Start price/share: $25.36
End price/share: $77.70
Starting shares: 394.32
Ending shares: 840.79
Dividends reinvested/share: $28.60
Total return: 553.30%
Average annual return: 9.84%
Starting investment: $10,000.00
Ending investment: $65,361.52

As shown above, the two-decade investment result worked out well, with an annualized rate of return of 9.84%. This would have turned a $10K investment made 20 years ago into $65,361.52 today (as of 11/01/2022). On a total return basis, that’s a result of 553.30% (something to think about: how might BMY shares perform over the next 20 years?). [These numbers were computed with the Dividend Channel DRIP Returns Calculator.]

Many investors out there refuse to own any stock that lacks a dividend; in the case of Bristol Myers Squibb Co., investors have received $28.60/share in dividends these past 20 years examined in the exercise above. This means total return was driven not just by share price, but also by the dividends received (and what the investor did with those dividends). For this exercise, what we’ve done with the dividends is to assume they are reinvestted — i.e. used to purchase additional shares (the calculations use closing price on ex-date).

Based upon the most recent annualized dividend rate of 2.16/share, we calculate that BMY has a current yield of approximately 2.78%. Another interesting datapoint we can examine is ‘yield on cost’ — in other words, we can express the current annualized dividend of 2.16 against the original $25.36/share purchase price. This works out to a yield on cost of 10.96%.

One more investment quote to leave you with:
“Value investing means really asking what are the best values, and not assuming that because something looks expensive that it is, or assuming that because a stock is down in price and trades at low multiples that it is a bargain.” — Bill Miller