“I buy on the assumption that they could close the market the next day and not reopen it for five years.”
— Warren Buffett
The wisdom of Warren Buffett reflects a value-based philosophy about investing that says investors are buying shares in a business, and encourages strategic thinking about investment time horizon. Before placing a buy order for a stock, a great question we can ask is whether we would still be comfortable making the investment if we couldn’t sell it for many years?
A “buy-and-hold” approach may call for a time horizon that spans a long period of time — maybe even lasting for a five year holding period. Suppose such a “buy-and-hold” investor had looked into buying shares of Bristol Myers Squibb Co. (NYSE: BMY) back in 2017. Let’s take a look at how such an investment would have worked out for that buy-and-hold investor:
|Average annual return:||7.57%|
The above analysis shows the five year investment result worked out well, with an annualized rate of return of 7.57%. This would have turned a $10K investment made 5 years ago into $14,403.10 today (as of 03/16/2022). On a total return basis, that’s a result of 44.02% (something to think about: how might BMY shares perform over the next 5 years?). [These numbers were computed with the Dividend Channel DRIP Returns Calculator.]
Beyond share price change, another component of BMY’s total return these past 5 years has been the payment by Bristol Myers Squibb Co. of $8.71/share in dividends to shareholders. Automatic reinvestment of dividends can be a wonderful way to compound returns, and for the above calculations we presume that dividends are reinvested into additional shares of stock. (For the purpose of these calcuations, the closing price on ex-date is used).
Based upon the most recent annualized dividend rate of 2.16/share, we calculate that BMY has a current yield of approximately 3.10%. Another interesting datapoint we can examine is ‘yield on cost’ — in other words, we can express the current annualized dividend of 2.16 against the original $56.29/share purchase price. This works out to a yield on cost of 5.51%.
Another great investment quote to think about:
“While some might mistakenly consider value investing a mechanical tool for identifying bargains, it is actually a comprehensive investment philosophy that emphasizes the need to perform in-depth fundamental analysis, pursue long-term investment results, limit risk, and resist crowd psychology.” — Seth Klarman