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“Someone’s sitting in the shade today because someone planted a tree a long time ago.”

— Warren Buffett

The wisdom of Warren Buffett reflects a value-based philosophy about investing that says investors are buying shares in a business, and encourages strategic thinking about investment time horizon. Before placing a buy order for a stock, a great question we can ask is whether we would still be comfortable making the investment if we couldn’t sell it for many years?

A “buy-and-hold” approach may call for a time horizon that spans a long period of time — maybe even lasting for a two-decade holding period. Suppose such a “buy-and-hold” investor had looked into buying shares of CVS Health Corporation (NYSE: CVS) back in 2001. Let’s take a look at how such an investment would have worked out for that buy-and-hold investor:

Start date: 01/29/2001


End date: 01/27/2021
Start price/share: $28.83
End price/share: $72.42
Starting shares: 346.86
Ending shares: 462.08
Dividends reinvested/share: $16.59
Total return: 234.64%
Average annual return: 6.22%
Starting investment: $10,000.00
Ending investment: $33,445.78

The above analysis shows the two-decade investment result worked out well, with an annualized rate of return of 6.22%. This would have turned a $10K investment made 20 years ago into $33,445.78 today (as of 01/27/2021). On a total return basis, that’s a result of 234.64% (something to think about: how might CVS shares perform over the next 20 years?). [These numbers were computed with the Dividend Channel DRIP Returns Calculator.]

Notice that CVS Health Corporation paid investors a total of $16.59/share in dividends over the 20 holding period, marking a second component of the total return beyond share price change alone. Much like watering a tree, reinvesting dividends can help an investment to grow over time — for the above calculations we assume dividend reinvestment (and for this exercise the closing price on ex-date is used for the reinvestment of a given dividend).

Based upon the most recent annualized dividend rate of 2/share, we calculate that CVS has a current yield of approximately 2.76%. Another interesting datapoint we can examine is ‘yield on cost’ — in other words, we can express the current annualized dividend of 2 against the original $28.83/share purchase price. This works out to a yield on cost of 9.57%.

One more investment quote to leave you with:
“In the long run, we are all dead.” — John Maynard Keynes