“When we own portions of outstanding businesses with outstanding managements, our favorite holding period is forever.”
— Warren Buffett
The wisdom of Warren Buffett reflects a value-based philosophy about investing that says investors are buying shares in a business, and encourages strategic thinking about investment time horizon. Before placing a buy order for a stock, a great question we can ask is whether we would still be comfortable making the investment if we couldn’t sell it for many years?
A “buy-and-hold” approach may call for a time horizon that spans a long period of time — maybe even lasting for a twenty year holding period. Suppose such a “buy-and-hold” investor had looked into buying shares of Altria Group Inc (NYSE: MO) back in 2000. Let’s take a look at how such an investment would have worked out for that buy-and-hold investor:
|Average annual return:||15.68%|
The above analysis shows the twenty year investment result worked out exceptionally well, with an annualized rate of return of 15.68%. This would have turned a $10K investment made 20 years ago into $184,220.90 today (as of 09/04/2020). On a total return basis, that’s a result of 1,743.32% (something to think about: how might MO shares perform over the next 20 years?). [These numbers were computed with the Dividend Channel DRIP Returns Calculator.]
Many investors out there refuse to own any stock that lacks a dividend; in the case of Altria Group Inc, investors have received $119.70/share in dividends these past 20 years examined in the exercise above. This means total return was driven not just by share price, but also by the dividends received (and what the investor did with those dividends). For this exercise, what we’ve done with the dividends is to assume they are reinvestted — i.e. used to purchase additional shares (the calculations use closing price on ex-date).
Based upon the most recent annualized dividend rate of 3.44/share, we calculate that MO has a current yield of approximately 7.91%. Another interesting datapoint we can examine is ‘yield on cost’ — in other words, we can express the current annualized dividend of 3.44 against the original $29.50/share purchase price. This works out to a yield on cost of 26.81%.
One more piece of investment wisdom to leave you with:
“The stock market is the story of cycles and of the human behavior that is responsible for overreactions in both directions.” — Seth Klarman