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“I buy on the assumption that they could close the market the next day and not reopen it for five years.”

— Warren Buffett

This inspiring quote from Warren Buffett teaches us the importance of considering our investment time horizon when approaching any given investment: Could we envision ourselves holding the stock we are considering for many years? Even a five year holding period potentially?

For “buy-and-hold” investors taking a long-term view, what’s important isn’t the short-term stock market fluctuations that will inevitably occur, but what happens over the long haul. Looking back 5 years to 2014, investors considering an investment into shares of S&P Global Inc (NYSE: SPGI) may have been pondering this very question and thinking about their potential investment result over a full five year time horizon. Here’s how that would have worked out.

Start date: 03/17/2014


End date: 03/14/2019
Start price/share: $80.27
End price/share: $201.60
Starting shares: 124.58
Ending shares: 132.53
Dividends reinvested/share: $7.87
Total return: 167.17%
Average annual return: 21.75%
Starting investment: $10,000.00
Ending investment: $26,722.47

As shown above, the five year investment result worked out exceptionally well, with an annualized rate of return of 21.75%. This would have turned a $10K investment made 5 years ago into $26,722.47 today (as of 03/14/2019). On a total return basis, that’s a result of 167.17% (something to think about: how might SPGI shares perform over the next 5 years?). [These numbers were computed with the Dividend Channel DRIP Returns Calculator.]

Notice that S&P Global Inc paid investors a total of $7.87/share in dividends over the 5 holding period, marking a second component of the total return beyond share price change alone. Much like watering a tree, reinvesting dividends can help an investment to grow over time — for the above calculations we assume dividend reinvestment (and for this exercise the closing price on ex-date is used for the reinvestment of a given dividend).

Based upon the most recent annualized dividend rate of 2.28/share, we calculate that SPGI has a current yield of approximately 1.13%. Another interesting datapoint we can examine is ‘yield on cost’ — in other words, we can express the current annualized dividend of 2.28 against the original $80.27/share purchase price. This works out to a yield on cost of 1.41%.

One more investment quote to leave you with:
“If you’re prepared to invest in a company, then you ought to be able to explain why in simple language that a fifth grader could understand, and quickly enough so the fifth grader won’t get bored.” — Peter Lynch